Ergonomic fast battery

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Duration: Spring 2018 - Fall 2018
Team Name Team chidori
Advisor
Team Members:
  • Chensheng Zhu
  • Chenhao Shi
  • Pothamsetty, Manasa
  • Meiyuan Zou
  • Project overview[edit]

    Background[edit]

    Bicycle dynamos are nothing new, but charge-while-you-ride technology has improved by leaps and bounds in the last few years.These days you can charge just about any device that uses USB power using your own physical exertion, including smartphones, tablets and rechargeable lights.

    Problem Statement[edit]

    The intention of this project is to build a straight forward human powered generator from a used bicycle and use it to charge our phone. This project help us develop engineering skills while learning about a clean way of generating electricity.

    Deliverable & Specifications[edit]

    1.Charge smartphone fast.

    2.Portable and reliable cel1phone charging

    3.Ensure enough power and steady voltage.

    Goals[edit]

    designing a phone charge that uses power generated from the bicycle. A normal phone usually use 5V charge and a USB. So our goal is to able generate electricity from the bicycle that can give an out put of 5V by using a USB output. As a group project, we have pinpointed our design constraints, we divided the project as 3 parts: generator, DC-DC converter(to constant the variable input), battery. And we will focus on designing the DC-DC converter.

    Budget[edit]

    Chidori budget f.png

    Design[edit]

    System Diagram[edit]

    Chidori system diagram.png

    Important Using Devices[edit]

    generator
    we choose a 24V 600rpm 100w AC permanent magnet generator. The ratio of rotating speed and voltage is constant. However, it's an AC generator, we need to use an AC-DC converter. The work region for riding a bicycle is 0-300rpm, so the generator can output 0-12v voltage.
    AC-DC converter
    We use this AC-DC converter pcb board to get a fixed voltage DC current.And it's input work region is 5.5v-16.5v and the output is 15v.
    current regulator
    To charge the capacitor, we need constant current. We use a buck converter as a current rugulator.For this, it's output can be control.

    Input Voltage: DC 12V Input Current: 1.45-4.167A Output Voltage: 2.5-7.14V Output Current: 7A(fixed)


    capcitor
    This capacitor is super-capacitor, it has a large capacity, but it can't load a high voltage. We use a combination of several super-capacitor serious connections to get a high capacity and load the voltage we need.

    3 capacitors in series. Total C=500F Total Vdc=8.1V Effective energy storage 3.5w·hr Maximum energy storage 4.5w·hr

    current regulator
    we use a buck converter to output constant 5V,3A. It means we can charge 2 phones at same time.


    Circuit Design[edit]

    Testing[edit]

    Generator Testing[edit]

    For this testing we would like to check generator's output capability. This generator don't give us expected power output in our system working region. Fortunately, the output power is also accepted.

    We use a motor to drive our generator for testing.


    Current Regulator Testing[edit]

    The dc-dc converter work as a current regulator to charge our capacitors. For this current regulator, an SPI slave port is provided to allow a host to configure its output limits and enables. So, we select using an Arduino to drive it, and we could get any voltage and current output in its working region.
    This is our coding loop,we communicate with the current regulator by arduino.

    Current regulator connceted with Arduinoy
    Code 1.png













    Code 2.png
    Code 3.png
































    The capacitor charging plot

    Current(fixed) output from current regulator

    Capacitor Testing[edit]


    We use an unstable volatge supply to simulate the bicycle generator output, and this is the plot of the input power,(W-t diagram)

    We test the voltage in the cap combinations, and this plot is the V-t diagram of the voltage in the caps



    Team Information[edit]

    Members

    Project goal.jpg

    Chensheng Zhu
    electrical engineering
    Zou.jpg

    Meiyuan Zou
    electrical engineering
    Shi.jpg

    Chenghao Shi
    electrical engineering
    Bio:
    Chensheng zhu is a senior in Electrical engineering looking at graduate in December 2018 from the University of Idaho. His favorite sports are basketball. The most favorite of the project has been learned more about how to control the circuit. After graduating he plans he plans on going to study Master's degree.
    Bio:
    Meiyuan Zou is a senior in Electrical Engineering. He is looking to graduate in December 2018. His favorite sport is basketball. His hobbies are travel, watching movies and playing video games. After graduating from the UI, he plans on going to study Master's degree. His favorite aspect of the major is about power.
    Bio:
    Chenghao shi is a senior in Electrical engineering looking at graduate in December 2018 from the University of Idaho. His favorite sports are basketball and hiking. The most favorite of the project has been learned more about how to get stable voltage. After graduation, he plans on an internship at a power company.

    Documentation Archive[edit]

    Meeting minutes[edit]