Rear Driven Snowmobile for CSC
|Duration||June 2019 - Dec. 2019|
The goal of the project is to design an effective and fully functional rear driven track for the Clean Snowmobile Challenge Team. This design is to be implemented on the snowmobile for use during the 2020 SAE Clean Snowmobile Competition.
Conventional snowmobiles have tracks that are driven from the front causing the top of the tack to be pulled in tension and the bottom of the track to be pushed in compression. The portion of the track in contact with the snow, being in compression, causes losses in efficiency and decreased handling. The clean snowmobile team anticipates to see drastic improvements in the following competition events: Acceleration, handling, and endurance.
Currently there are not any rear driven snowmobiles on the market. This is mainly due to manufacturers wanting to reduce sled weight and simplify designs. Aftermarket rear driven snowmobile prototypes have been made in the past, however their application is mainly for drag racing snowmobiles. The past CSC projects that have attempted this type of design are detailed below.
2011-2012 This Senior Design Project was the first attempt by the UICSC team at implementing a rear drive snowmobile skid. The design this team created involved a gear and chain system that ran down the center of the tunnel. Having the chain in this configuration meant the team had to redesign the suspension, and complete a finite element analysis. Once the system was fabricated and testing could be done, the team found that their chain would brake too often/quickly; they concluded that they were lacking a chain tensioner.
2014-2015 During this school year another senior design team took a second crack at tackling the rear driven snowmobile. Following findings by previous group, and adapting the built skid from the 2011 project they added a chain tensioner. However due to part receival delays the system was not completed not implemented on the sled for competition.
Due to a change in SAE competition rules a chain and gear system would need to be fully shielded and an oil bath and lubrication system would need to be implemented. The amount of modification and weight adage to do this leads our team to explore other avenues of research.
2015 A masters student, Matthew Kologi, looked into this design problem as a part of completing his masters degree. He performed conceptual and ideological experiments in detail to explore the theoretical efficiencies that could be gained from implementing a rear driven skid. In his analysis he explored a drive shaft and pinion gear system. In his road load models he found that once a cruise speed is reached there is little resistance to maintain the cruise speed. Being a conceptual design exploration there isn't any information detailing how such a system would fair on snow.
Our teams goal is to design, fabricate and test a rear driven snowmobile. The implementation of this system is hoped to improve competition activities where handling, fuel efficiency, and overall sled performance is necessary. The system should maintain the full functionality of a stock snowmobile. Minimal weight addition is desirable. Any designs involving the electronic transmission of power from the engine, clutch, and/or crank shaft must be submitted to the SAE competition proprietors prior to the competition for approval. Other deliverables include:
* Two people should be able to swap out stock and designed skids with relative ease. * Detailed 3D model & engineering drawing package. * Complete assembly and installation instructions. * In-depth FEA for re-designed suspension system.
- SAE Clean Snowmobile Challenge Requirements
|Sound Requirement- SAE J1161||< 67||dBA|
|Acceleration -10 sec run||500||ft.|
Meet sound requirements for National Parks
|Single Rear Drive
Capacitance Bank-48V up to $1577.47
Speed Controller ~$55
Memory Bank 30lb
Speed Controller >1lb
|Electronic Power Transmission
- Hydro-static power transmission implemented motorcycles 
- Synchronous Belts and Pulleys
- BB Man 
- BB Man - Belt Drive Calculator 
- AutomationDirect 
- Electronic Power Transference Components
- Alternator 
- Power Bank
- Speed Controller 
Belt and Gear Design
- Belts http://www.biedlers-belts.com/gates-8mgt-1792-62-belt.html
- Belt Splice Strength http://www.gatesmectrol.com/mectrol/brochure.cfm?brochure=5193&location_id=5321
Major: Mechanical Engineering
Major: Mechanical Engineering
Team Contract File:Capstone-TeamContract-Rev1.pdf
Product Requirements Document File:Product Requirements-Skiddadle-rev1.pdf
Project Schedule File:Project Schedule Su-Fall-Snap2.pdf
Project Budget File:Budget Su-Fall-snap2.pdf
Exta Info/ Worksheets
Stock Sled Parts