Single-Stage Water Filter with Dual Sand Media Sizes

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[[File:[[File:|thumb|300px|left]]|300px|center|alt=]]
Sponsors
Team Name Hydration Station
Duration Fall 2020 - Spring 2021
Faculty Adviser Dr. Sarah Wu
  • Faculty Name
Client
  • Name / Organization : CALSBlueWave
Team Members
  • Jaden Cavender
  • Tayson Thompson
  • Ben Marek
  • Blake Urie
  • Tobias Flores-Wentz

The goal of the project is to develop a filtration system that utilizes two sand sizes to increase the efficiency of clearing water of suspended solids.


Problem Definition[edit]

Scope:

Form multidisciplinary engineering design team to explore novel approaches to efficiently integrate two similar water treatment stages into one. Designs and deliverables will inform sustainable water reuse and recovery systems and form a foundation for next generation treatment technologies.

Background[edit]

Water filtration systems are useful tools for removing contaminants from water. This is done all around the world for many reasons, from agriculture work, food processing, and even simply making a source of clean drinking water. There are also many forms of filtration systems. Systems that use sand as the filter have been used for many years, as sand filtering is one of the best methods of cleaning water. Currently at the University of Idaho campus are two of these filtering systems that each use a different sand, with the water going through both systems. Combining those systems so that water is filtered with two sands within a single cycle would be a beneficial improvement.

Deliverables[edit]

Fall

Model 1 - no screen Fall 2020 Hydration Station Model Type 1 No Screen.jpg

Model 1 - with screen Fall 2020 Hydration Station Model Type 1 With Screen.jpg

Flow Analysis 1 Fall 2020 Hydration Station Flow Analysis 1.jpg

Flow Analysis 2 Fall 2020 Hydration Station Flow Analysis 2.jpg

Colored Sand Fall 2020 Hydration Station Colored Sand.jpg

Spring

Specifications[edit]

  • Minimum 75% separation of the two sand sizes.
  • Chemical and corrosion resistance.
  • Minimum upflow rate of 1.8 gallons per minute.
  • Maintain a bed turnover rate of 0.7 to 1.4 inches per minute.
  • Continuous operation with a maximum of 30 minutes of routine weekly maintenance.

Design Considerations[edit]

  • Assessing wear on components
  • Airlift with Dual Inlets
  • Achieving 75% sand separation

Project Learning[edit]

Design One

Fall 2020 Hydration Station Turbine Idea.jpg

  • Water turbine forces sand to the sides of the box
  • The two sands move to have the fine sand against the walls while the coarse sand is closer to the augur
  • A swirled layering of fine and coarse sand occurs, like soft serve ice cream

Cons:

  • exacerbates erosion on surfaces with sand
  • Maintaining pressure head can be difficult without the use of a pump
  • Turbine and augur system add substantial complexity and cost to the system

Design Two

Fall 2020 Hydration Station Separated Bed Design.jpg

  • Sand Separation using Elutriation.
  • Separated beds to ensure particle segregation.
  • Water up flow through channels separates particles based on unique settling Velocities

Cons:

  • Changes in head pressure affect velocities
  • Concentric Tubes do not allow multiple airlift inputs
  • Separated beds may results in emptying/filling bed areas
  • Difficult to test and adjust up flow velocities.

Design Three

Fall 2020 Hydration Station Autocad Twin Pipes.jpg

  • Segregation using Wedge wire screen
  • Bed segregation created by different outlet locations.
  • Airlift with two inlets.

Considerations:

  • Airlift inlet may result in contaminated sand getting deposited into fine bed.
  • Bed turnover / airlift inlet rate must ensure no clogging from Course outlet.
  • Brazilian Nut affect (Coarse sand migrating upward)
  • Ensure 75% segregation.

Ideas

Fall 2020 Hydration Station Idea Fig-A.jpg

Fall 2020 Hydration Station Idea Fig-B.jpg

Fall 2020 Hydration Station Idea Fig-C.jpg

Fall 2020 Hydration Station Idea Fig-D.jpg

  • Separates particles by elutriation
  • Lighter particles are moved upwards by the airstream and heavier particles can fall through

Final Design[edit]

Validation[edit]

Clean water is arguably the world’s most valuable resource; therefore, it is important to invest in water filtration technology. Currently the U of I’s Clean Water Machine design is a two-stage dual media sand filter, but by refining the design to require a single filtration stage, a significant reduction in maintenance and increased efficiency can hopefully be achieved.

Team Members[edit]

[[File: |thumb|left]]

Jaden Cavender

Major: Mechanical Engineering
Hometown: Spokane Valley
Responsibility: Minutes, Modeling, and Analysis
Email: cave3848@vandals.uidaho.ed


[[File: |thumb|left]]

Tayson Thompson

Major: Biological Engineering
Hometown: Idaho Falls
Responsibility: Communication, Designing
Email: thom8243@vandals.uidaho.edu

[[File: |thumb|left]]

Ben Marek

Major: Mechanical Engineering
Hometown: Grangeville
Responsibility: Designing, SW Modeling, Analysis
Email: mare1057@vandals.uidaho.edu

[[File:|180px|thumb|left]]

Blake Urie

Major: Biological Engineering
Hometown: Hansen
Responsibility: Documentation
Email: urie7879@vandals.uidaho.edu

[[File:|180px|thumb|left]]

Tobias Flores-Wentz

Major: Biological Engineering
Hometown: Kennewick
Responsibility: Documentation
Email: flor6582@vandals.uidaho.edu

Additional Documentation[edit]

Project Schedule

File:Fall 2020 Hydration Station Gantt Chart.pdf

Meeting Minutes

File:Fall 2020 Hydration Station Minutes -1.pdf
File:Fall 2020 Hydration Station Minutes 2.pdf
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File:Fall 2020 Hydration Station Minutes Snapshot 1.pdf
File:Fall 2020 Hydration Station Minutes Design Review.pdf
File:Fall 2020 Hydration Station Minutes Snapshot 2.pdf

Presentations

File:Fall 2020 Hydration Station Snapshot 1 Presentation.pdf
File:Fall 2020 Hydration Station Design Review Presentation.pdf
File:Fall 2020 Hydration Station Snapshot 2 Presentation.pdf

Client Interview

File:Fall 2020 Hydration Station Questions For Client.pdf